Eugen Gabritschevsky was born in Moscow in 1893, studied biology and heredity, and was a well-known researcher in his field. By 1927, however, Eugen started demonstrating signs of mental illness and his research came to an abrupt end in 1929 when he was diagnosed with schizophrenia.
Gabritschevsky was committed to Eglfing-Haar psychiatric hospital near Munich, where apart from occasional stays with his brother and family, he remained until his death in 1979. In the ensuing years at the hospital, Eugen produced a rich and outstanding body of work consisting of thousands of paintings and drawings. In 1948, his works first came to the attention of French artist, Jean Dubuffet, probably best known as the founder of the Art Brut movement (literally “rough art” or “raw art”, and later known as “outsider art”). Between 1950-61, Dubuffet purchased 71 of Eugen’s works for his Compagnie de l’Art Brut.
Almost all of Eugen’s works were later acquired by Alphonse Chave, Dubuffet’s friend and owner of an art gallery in Vence. Shortly after, Chave sold some 600 drawings to Daniel Cordier, whose gallery championed Gabritschevsky for a number of years before making a significant donation of his work to the Musée National d’Art Moderne in Paris, in 1989. These works are now on long loan to Les Abattoirs in Toulouse.
Rate this post